COVID-19 Outbreak-Global Road Salt Industry Market Report-Development Trends, Threats, Opportunities and Competitive Landscape in 2020 | Analytical Research Cognizance

COVID-19 Outbreak-Global Road Salt Industry Market Report-Development Trends, Threats, Opportunities and Competitive Landscape in 2020

Published by ARCMA001
Report ID 1665555
Published date Mar 09, 2021
Category Chemicals and Materials
Total Pages 127
Choose license type Buy Now
Request a Sample Enquiry Before Buying Check Discount


The Road Salt market revenue was xx.xx Million USD in 2019, and will reach xx.xx Million USD in 2025, with a CAGR of x.x% during 2020-2025.

Under COVID-19 outbreak globally, this report provides 360 degrees of analysis from supply chain, import and export control to regional government policy and future influence on the industry. Detailed analysis about market status (2015-2020), enterprise competition pattern, advantages and disadvantages of enterprise products, industry development trends (2020-2025), regional industrial layout characteristics and macroeconomic policies, industrial policy has also been included. From raw materials to end users of this industry are analyzed scientifically, the trends of product circulation and sales channel will be presented as well. Considering COVID-19, this report provides comprehensive and in-depth analysis on how the epidemic push this industry transformation and reform.

In COVID-19 outbreak, Chapter 2.2 of this report provides an analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on the global economy and the Road Salt industry.
Chapter 3.7 covers the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 from the perspective of the industry chain.
In addition, chapters 7-11 consider the impact of COVID-19 on the regional economy.

The Road Salt market can be split based on product types, major applications, and important countries as follows:

Fill-in for Contact Form for Tailor-made List

Key players in the global Road Salt market covered in Chapter 12:
Maine Salt Company
Russo Power Equipment
The Cope Company
Harvey Salt
Morton Salt
Nelco Supply Company
Compass Minerals
Detroit Salt Company

In Chapter 4 and 14.1, on the basis of types, the Road Salt market from 2015 to 2025 is primarily split into:
Sodium Chloride
Magnesium Chloride
Calcium Chloride
Potassium Chloride

In Chapter 5 and 14.2, on the basis of applications, the Road Salt market from 2015 to 2025 covers:
Melt Ice
Dust Suppressants

Geographically, the detailed analysis of consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate, historic and forecast (2015-2025) of the following regions are covered in Chapter 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14:
North America (Covered in Chapter 7 and 14)
United States
Canada
Mexico
Europe (Covered in Chapter 8 and 14)
Germany
UK
France
Italy
Spain
Russia
Others
Asia-Pacific (Covered in Chapter 9 and 14)
China
Japan
South Korea
Australia
India
Southeast Asia
Others
Middle East and Africa (Covered in Chapter 10 and 14)
Saudi Arabia
UAE
Egypt
Nigeria
South Africa
Others
South America (Covered in Chapter 11 and 14)
Brazil
Argentina
Columbia
Chile
Others
Regional scope can be customized

Years considered for this report:
Historical Years: 2015-2019
Base Year: 2019
Estimated Year: 2020
Forecast Period: 2020-2025

Chapter One: Road Salt Introduction and Market Overview
1.1 Objectives of the Study
1.2 Overview of Road Salt
1.3 Scope of The Study
1.3.1 Key Market Segments
1.3.2 Players Covered
1.3.3 COVID-19's impact on the Road Salt industry
1.4 Methodology of The Study
1.5 Research Data Source

Chapter Two: Executive Summary
2.1 Market Overview
2.1.1 Global Road Salt Market Size, 2015 – 2020
2.1.2 Global Road Salt Market Size by Type, 2015 – 2020
2.1.3 Global Road Salt Market Size by Application, 2015 – 2020
2.1.4 Global Road Salt Market Size by Region, 2015 - 2025
2.2 Business Environment Analysis
2.2.1 Global COVID-19 Status and Economic Overview
2.2.2 Influence of COVID-19 Outbreak on Road Salt Industry Development

Chapter Three: Industry Chain Analysis
3.1 Upstream Raw Material Suppliers of Road Salt Analysis
3.2 Major Players of Road Salt
3.3 Road Salt Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis
3.3.1 Production Process Analysis
3.3.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure of Road Salt
3.3.3 Labor Cost of Road Salt
3.4 Market Distributors of Road Salt
3.5 Major Downstream Buyers of Road Salt Analysis
3.6 The Impact of Covid-19 From the Perspective of Industry Chain
3.7 Regional Import and Export Controls Will Exist for a Long Time
3.8 Continued downward PMI Spreads Globally

Chapter Four: Global Road Salt Market, by Type
4.1 Global Road Salt Value and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)
4.2 Global Road Salt Production and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)
4.3 Global Road Salt Value and Growth Rate by Type (2015-2020)
4.3.1 Global Road Salt Value and Growth Rate of Sodium Chloride
4.3.2 Global Road Salt Value and Growth Rate of Magnesium Chloride
4.3.3 Global Road Salt Value and Growth Rate of Calcium Chloride
4.3.4 Global Road Salt Value and Growth Rate of Potassium Chloride
4.4 Global Road Salt Price Analysis by Type (2015-2020)

Chapter Five: Road Salt Market, by Application
5.1 Downstream Market Overview
5.2 Global Road Salt Consumption and Market Share by Application (2015-2020)
5.3 Global Road Salt Consumption and Growth Rate by Application (2015-2020)
5.3.1 Global Road Salt Consumption and Growth Rate of Melt Ice (2015-2020)
5.3.2 Global Road Salt Consumption and Growth Rate of Dust Suppressants (2015-2020)

Chapter Six: Global Road Salt Market Analysis by Regions
6.1 Global Road Salt Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Regions
6.1.1 Global Road Salt Sales by Regions (2015-2020)
6.1.2 Global Road Salt Revenue by Regions (2015-2020)
6.2 North America Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
6.3 Europe Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
6.4 Asia-Pacific Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
6.5 Middle East and Africa Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
6.6 South America Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Seven: North America Road Salt Market Analysis by Countries
7.1 The Influence of COVID-19 on North America Market
7.2 North America Road Salt Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Countries
7.2.1 North America Road Salt Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
7.2.2 North America Road Salt Revenue by Countries (2015-2020)
7.3 United States Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
7.4 Canada Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
7.5 Mexico Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Eight: Europe Road Salt Market Analysis by Countries
8.1 The Influence of COVID-19 on Europe Market
8.2 Europe Road Salt Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Countries
8.2.1 Europe Road Salt Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
8.2.2 Europe Road Salt Revenue by Countries (2015-2020)
8.3 Germany Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
8.4 UK Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
8.5 France Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
8.6 Italy Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
8.7 Spain Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
8.8 Russia Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Nine: Asia Pacific Road Salt Market Analysis by Countries
9.1 The Influence of COVID-19 on Asia Pacific Market
9.2 Asia Pacific Road Salt Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Countries
9.2.1 Asia Pacific Road Salt Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
9.2.2 Asia Pacific Road Salt Revenue by Countries (2015-2020)
9.3 China Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
9.4 Japan Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
9.5 South Korea Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
9.6 India Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
9.7 Southeast Asia Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
9.8 Australia Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Ten: Middle East and Africa Road Salt Market Analysis by Countries
10.1 The Influence of COVID-19 on Middle East and Africa Market
10.2 Middle East and Africa Road Salt Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Countries
10.2.1 Middle East and Africa Road Salt Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
10.2.2 Middle East and Africa Road Salt Revenue by Countries (2015-2020)
10.3 Saudi Arabia Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
10.4 UAE Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
10.5 Egypt Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
10.6 Nigeria Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
10.7 South Africa Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Eleven: South America Road Salt Market Analysis by Countries
11.1 The Influence of COVID-19 on Middle East and Africa Market
11.2 South America Road Salt Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Countries
11.2.1 South America Road Salt Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
11.2.2 South America Road Salt Revenue by Countries (2015-2020)
11.3 Brazil Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
11.4 Argentina Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
11.5 Columbia Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
11.6 Chile Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Twelve: Competitive Landscape
12.1 Maine Salt Company
12.1.1 Maine Salt Company Basic Information
12.1.2 Road Salt Product Introduction
12.1.3 Maine Salt Company Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.2 Russo Power Equipment
12.2.1 Russo Power Equipment Basic Information
12.2.2 Road Salt Product Introduction
12.2.3 Russo Power Equipment Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.3 The Cope Company
12.3.1 The Cope Company Basic Information
12.3.2 Road Salt Product Introduction
12.3.3 The Cope Company Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.4 Harvey Salt
12.4.1 Harvey Salt Basic Information
12.4.2 Road Salt Product Introduction
12.4.3 Harvey Salt Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.5 Morton Salt
12.5.1 Morton Salt Basic Information
12.5.2 Road Salt Product Introduction
12.5.3 Morton Salt Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.6 Nelco Supply Company
12.6.1 Nelco Supply Company Basic Information
12.6.2 Road Salt Product Introduction
12.6.3 Nelco Supply Company Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.7 Compass Minerals
12.7.1 Compass Minerals Basic Information
12.7.2 Road Salt Product Introduction
12.7.3 Compass Minerals Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.8 Detroit Salt Company
12.8.1 Detroit Salt Company Basic Information
12.8.2 Road Salt Product Introduction
12.8.3 Detroit Salt Company Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020

Chapter Thirteen: Industry Outlook
13.1 Market Driver Analysis
13.1.2 Market Restraints Analysis
13.1.3 Market Trends Analysis
13.2 Merger, Acquisition and New Investment
13.3 News of Product Release

Chapter Fourteen: Global Road Salt Market Forecast
14.1 Global Road Salt Market Value & Volume Forecast, by Type (2020-2025)
14.1.1 Sodium Chloride Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.1.2 Magnesium Chloride Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.1.3 Calcium Chloride Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.1.4 Potassium Chloride Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.2 Global Road Salt Market Value & Volume Forecast, by Application (2020-2025)
14.2.1 Melt Ice Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.2.2 Dust Suppressants Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.3 Road Salt Market Analysis and Forecast by Region
14.3.1 North America Market Value and Consumption Forecast (2020-2025)
14.3.2 Europe Market Value and Consumption Forecast (2020-2025)
14.3.3 Asia Pacific Market Value and Consumption Forecast (2020-2025)
14.3.4 Middle East and Africa Market Value and Consumption Forecast (2020-2025)
14.3.5 South America Market Value and Consumption Forecast (2020-2025)

Chapter Fifteen: New Project Feasibility Analysis
15.1 Industry Barriers and New Entrants SWOT Analysis
15.1.1 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
15.1.2 New Entrants SWOT Analysis
15.2 Analysis and Suggestions on New Project Investment

List of Tables and Figures
Figure Product Picture of Road Salt
Table Product Specification of Road Salt
Table Road Salt Key Market Segments
Table Key Players Road Salt Covered
Figure Global Road Salt Market Size, 2015 – 2025
Table Different Types of Road Salt
Figure Global Road Salt Value ($) Segment by Type from 2015-2020
Figure Global Road Salt Market Share by Types in 2019
Table Different Applications of Road Salt
Figure Global Road Salt Value ($) Segment by Applications from 2015-2020
Figure Global Road Salt Market Share by Applications in 2019
Figure Global Road Salt Market Share by Regions in 2019
Figure North America Road Salt Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Europe Road Salt Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Asia Pacific Road Salt Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Middle East and Africa Road Salt Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure South America Road Salt Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Table Global COVID-19 Status and Economic Overview
Figure Global COVID-19 Status
Figure COVID-19 Comparison of Major Countries
Figure Industry Chain Analysis of Road Salt
Table Upstream Raw Material Suppliers of Road Salt with Contact Information
Table Major Players Headquarters, and Service Area of Road Salt
Figure Major Players Production Value Market Share of Road Salt in 2019
Table Major Players Road Salt Product Types in 2019
Figure Production Process of Road Salt
Figure Manufacturing Cost Structure of Road Salt
Figure Channel Status of Road Salt
Table Major Distributors of Road Salt with Contact Information
Table Major Downstream Buyers of Road Salt with Contact Information
Table Global Road Salt Value ($) by Type (2015-2020)
Table Global Road Salt Value Share by Type (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Value Share by Type (2015-2020)
Table Global Road Salt Production by Type (2015-2020)
Table Global Road Salt Production Share by Type (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Production Share by Type (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Value ($) and Growth Rate of Sodium Chloride (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Value ($) and Growth Rate of Magnesium Chloride (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Value ($) and Growth Rate of Calcium Chloride (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Value ($) and Growth Rate of Potassium Chloride (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Price by Type (2015-2020)
Figure Downstream Market Overview
Table Global Road Salt Consumption by Application (2015-2020)
Table Global Road Salt Consumption Market Share by Application (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Consumption Market Share by Application (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Consumption and Growth Rate of Melt Ice (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Consumption and Growth Rate of Dust Suppressants (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Global Road Salt Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table Global Road Salt Sales by Regions (2015-2020)
Table Global Road Salt Sales Market Share by Regions (2015-2020)
Table Global Road Salt Revenue (M USD) by Regions (2015-2020)
Table Global Road Salt Revenue Market Share by Regions (2015-2020)
Table Global Road Salt Revenue Market Share by Regions in 2015
Table Global Road Salt Revenue Market Share by Regions in 2019
Figure North America Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Europe Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Asia-Pacific Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Middle East and Africa Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure South America Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure North America COVID-19 Status
Figure North America COVID-19 Confirmed Cases Major Distribution
Figure North America Road Salt Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table North America Road Salt Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
Table North America Road Salt Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Table North America Road Salt Revenue (M USD) by Countries (2015-2020)
Table North America Road Salt Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Figure United States Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Canada Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Mexico Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Europe COVID-19 Status
Figure Europe COVID-19 Confirmed Cases Major Distribution
Figure Europe Road Salt Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table Europe Road Salt Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Europe Road Salt Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Europe Road Salt Revenue (M USD) by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Europe Road Salt Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Figure Germany Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure UK Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure France Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Italy Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Spain Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Russia Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Asia Pacific COVID-19 Status
Figure Asia Pacific Road Salt Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table Asia Pacific Road Salt Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Asia Pacific Road Salt Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Asia Pacific Road Salt Revenue (M USD) by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Asia Pacific Road Salt Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Figure China Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Japan Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure South Korea Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure India Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Southeast Asia Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Australia Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Middle East Road Salt Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table Middle East Road Salt Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Middle East and Africa Road Salt Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Middle East and Africa Road Salt Revenue (M USD) by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Middle East and Africa Road Salt Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Figure Saudi Arabia Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure UAE Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Egypt Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Nigeria Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure South Africa Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure South America Road Salt Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table South America Road Salt Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
Table South America Road Salt Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Table South America Road Salt Revenue (M USD) by Countries (2015-2020)
Table South America Road Salt Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Figure Brazil Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Argentina Road Salt Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Columbia Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Chile Road Salt Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Top 3 Market Share of Road Salt Companies in 2019
Figure Top 6 Market Share of Road Salt Companies in 2019
Table Major Players Production Value ($) Share (2015-2020)
Table Maine Salt Company Profile
Table Maine Salt Company Product Introduction
Figure Maine Salt Company Production and Growth Rate
Figure Maine Salt Company Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Russo Power Equipment Profile
Table Russo Power Equipment Product Introduction
Figure Russo Power Equipment Production and Growth Rate
Figure Russo Power Equipment Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table The Cope Company Profile
Table The Cope Company Product Introduction
Figure The Cope Company Production and Growth Rate
Figure The Cope Company Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Harvey Salt Profile
Table Harvey Salt Product Introduction
Figure Harvey Salt Production and Growth Rate
Figure Harvey Salt Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Morton Salt Profile
Table Morton Salt Product Introduction
Figure Morton Salt Production and Growth Rate
Figure Morton Salt Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Nelco Supply Company Profile
Table Nelco Supply Company Product Introduction
Figure Nelco Supply Company Production and Growth Rate
Figure Nelco Supply Company Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Compass Minerals Profile
Table Compass Minerals Product Introduction
Figure Compass Minerals Production and Growth Rate
Figure Compass Minerals Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Detroit Salt Company Profile
Table Detroit Salt Company Product Introduction
Figure Detroit Salt Company Production and Growth Rate
Figure Detroit Salt Company Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Market Driving Factors of Road Salt
Table Merger, Acquisition and New Investment
Table Global Road Salt Market Value ($) Forecast, by Type
Table Global Road Salt Market Volume Forecast, by Type
Figure Global Road Salt Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Sodium Chloride (2020-2025)
Figure Global Road Salt Market Volume ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Sodium Chloride (2020-2025)
Figure Global Road Salt Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Magnesium Chloride (2020-2025)
Figure Global Road Salt Market Volume ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Magnesium Chloride (2020-2025)
Figure Global Road Salt Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Calcium Chloride (2020-2025)
Figure Global Road Salt Market Volume ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Calcium Chloride (2020-2025)
Figure Global Road Salt Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Potassium Chloride (2020-2025)
Figure Global Road Salt Market Volume ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Potassium Chloride (2020-2025)
Table Global Market Value ($) Forecast by Application (2020-2025)
Table Global Market Volume Forecast by Application (2020-2025)
Figure Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Melt Ice (2020-2025)
Figure Market Volume and Growth Rate Forecast of Melt Ice (2020-2025)
Figure Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Dust Suppressants (2020-2025)
Figure Market Volume and Growth Rate Forecast of Dust Suppressants (2020-2025)
Figure North America Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure North America Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Europe Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Europe Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Asia Pacific Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Asia Pacific Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Middle East and Africa Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Middle East and Africa Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure South America Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure South America Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
Table New Entrants SWOT Analysis
Table New Project Analysis of Investment Recovery